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Garden Information

 

Gardening from Scratch

The Garden's of Britain have been known for their beauty for many centuries and the most popular is the cottage Garden which brings to life a wonderful combination of natural trees, flowers and shrubs. But it all comes down to one thing care, the garden needs throughness and even the most simplest jobs need to be done properly, patiently and at the right time. Any mistakes can rarely be put right beacause time they are discovered it's then too late. So there for everything needs to be done in a methodical order to prevent mistakes. It will take time, care and plenty of experience to get a more understanding of the way the garden works, so be patient.
The first thing is to buy garden tools and these don't need to be expensive they just need to be able to do the job, besides if you look after your tools they will last you. Today we have such a variety of tools and methods for gardening it's hard to know what you actually need, so take a look at the gardeners list below and it will give you a good idea.

Cheryl's Garden Tools List

Garden Spade

- A medium size spade, number 2 or 3, Blade almost hollowing gently towards the top, with shoulders
Folk
-A Four Pronged Digging Folk
Garden Hoes
for weeding. Preferably for weeding look more at a swan neck garden hoe and drawing drills for seeds and earthing up.
Rakes
One heavy, One Light or a medium size.
Measuring Sticks
- To plan your garden and the amount of space you have
Wheel barrow
To lift heavy plants and any stonery or materials that you may need
Lawn Mower
lawn Mower to cut the grass but don't forget there are many types of lawn mowers and depending the size of your garden is to what is best suited. Please See our Lawn Mower Section
Garden Shears
For Trimming Hedges and handling lawn edges
Water Can and Garden Hose
For Watering your flowers at night. Big or small.


The Gardener's Guide on Soil & Site -
There are many different types of soil which play an important role in the health life of your plants.
Sandy Soils-
Are light and easy to work with, generally deficient in the plant-food and humus; often dry out quickly, especially where the proportion of sand is high.
Sand soil
 
clay Soils -
Heavy, tend to be very sticky and difficult to work with, generally deficient in humus. However if managed correctly this soil can be the most productive. The key to making clay soils productive is to add lots of organic matter. Mushroom compost is probably one of the best as it contains large amounts of lime, which helps the soil break down.
Clay soil
 
Chalk Soils-
usually shallow and deficient in humus. They are the light and in most casese are known as the basic soils. They are often very shallow, and they are always very alkaline type of soil. The chalk soil as we know comes from a sofft rock which breaks down easily and sometimes tends to crumble. It is a very dry contained soil and holds little water. Chalky soils are almost impossible to change, however adding humus will certainly help keep rain water and to feed the plants, making sure that they gain all the nutrients they need by sprinkling iron around the plants individually.
chalk soil
 
Gravel Soils
Tend to be dry, poor and hungry.
Gravel Soil
 
Peaty soil
- This type of sol is often a light and tends to cover large areas of land such as farm land and woodland. Plants do grow healthy. Peaty soil is a dark black colour and easy to dig over and spongy to the touch, peaty soil can be soaking in winter and dry during most of the summer. Peaty Soil


Pests and Problems in the Garden
There will always be garden pests in the garden which will attack plants but it's all about keeping them under control thats the key!
Alphids
Aphids

How do I identify This Problem? - Well You will notice a gathering or cluster of tiny greenfly or blackfly that will infest your bulbs and plants such as tulips and hyacinths.
What Damage do They Cause to Plants? - Unsightly and in extreme, deforming.
How Do I control this? - When they start to appear try a soapy water spray or an appropriate insecticide. Otherwise the best way is to encourage other species such as ladybirds, laver stages, hoverfly which are all eaters of alphids.

 
Earwigs
Earwigs
How do I identify This Problem? The Earwig will appear on the leaves and on flowers which they feed on. They are a dark creature wit pincers and glossy looking bodies. They are usaully only seen during the day as they hide away at night time.
What Damage do They Cause to Plants?
The Dahlia is one of the most popular plants which the earwig tends to be found on. Identations will be seen on the leaves and flowers and where there are infestations of earwigs holes will be found.
How Do I control this? 'The Earwig Trap' Stuff small plant pots with newspaper or straw and spike them onto canes which are pushed into the ground close to the dahlia. The Earwigs will then act upon this as nightime and hide. Each morning empty out and kill the trapped ones. Insecticide dust does the same trick if sprinkled onto the plant.
 
Gladiolus Thrip
Gladiolus
Thrips
How do I identify This Problem?Gladiolus thrips start off milky-white, but soon turn dark brown, except for the apical portions of the legs which are lighter. There wings are brown and males tend to be smaller and lighter than females. The sap feeding insects live in the buds of flowers and on leaves.
What Damage do They Cause to Plants? Plants that are infested will show tiny black spot and flowers will show specking. In some cases it make effect the flower bud and cause it not to open. The Gladiolus Thrip tends to go for plants such as geranium gladioli, iris, carnation, lily, narcissus, freesia, poker plant, tomato, begonia, primula, snapdragon, chrysanthemum, amaryllis and tigerflower which it does cause serious damage.
How Do I control this? Spray with bifenthrin avoid treatment in sunny weather.
 
Vine Weevils
Vine Weevils
How do I identify This Problem? The Vine Weevil lives in soil and can become a real problem to the garden for this creature eats and destroys the roots of plants. The adult Vine Weevil is black with with a hard back. Each female lays approx up to 1,000 eggs in the soil so for the gardener this can be a real problem.
What Damage do They Cause to Plants? They eat the roots making the plants collapse and make it virtually impossible to grow plants.
How Do I control this? Kill any adults that can be seen. They are mainly night time movers and like maggots they can not fly but the wiggle and climb. Check dark places where they tend to hide, such as under plant pots. Traps can be laid such as a roll of corrugated paper. Apply a liquid drench of nematodes (round worms) in the springtime and summer to control the larvae that they produce when laying eggs. This will not work on dry soils or soils that are under 5°C (41°F) Alternative from this method is to drench the soil in imidacloprid which acts like a insecticide. Burn any bulbs that they have eaten.
 
Slugs and Snails
Slugs and Snails
How do I identify This Problem?The difference between a slug and a snail is the slugs tend to attck plants underground and snails above the ground. You will notice chunks of leaves eaten and slimey substance left on the leave.
What Damage do They Cause to Plants? Disfigurement of plants or total destruction
How Do I control this? Birds such as song thrushes tend to eat snails whilst hedgehogs and certain types of beetles eat slugs. On the other hand if you have a real difficult problem traps such as an upturn gratefruit.
 
Squirrels, Voles and Mice
Squirrels,Mice and Voles
How do I identify This Problem? These animals enjoy eating dry bulbs whether they are in or stored outside above ground.
What Damage do They Cause to Plants?Half eaten bulbs will be found on the top of the ground and gaps will appear in the garden where once layed a bulb.
How Do I control this?
Keeping bulbs stored safley in lid contained containers and by making sure that when you plant bulbs that they are pressed firmly into the ground.
 


Garden Diseases
basal rot
Basal Rot

How do I identify This Problem? - Bulbs tend to be softer than usual and there may be some mould around the base of the bulb.
What Damage do They Cause to Plants? - The leaves are usually a yellow colour and tend to wilt. Narcissus is the most likely plant to be affected.
How Do I control this? - Destroy the plants that are affected and remove the soil that maybe contaminated.

 
bulb thats effected with botrytis
Botrytis (Grey Mould)
How do I identify This Problem? This disease can cause a fluffy grey mould on the leaves and of flowers that are dying. Spots can also be detected on the flower heads.
What Damage do They Cause to Plants?
The damage is disfigurement and rotting of the bulb.
How Do I control this? A fungicide can be used to save bulbs that are not fully affected just remove the areas that are affected. For prevention keeping in dry storage conditions. Just make sure that remove the outer part of the bulb and dust with the fungicide powder before hand.
 
lily disease
Lily Disease
How do I identify This Problem?Dark Green spots appear on the bulb which are produced by a fungus. The leaves turn brown and wither from the stem upwards.
What Damage do They Cause to Plants? Flower buds may become distorted. The plant may fall over but the bulb may still be healthy.
How Do I control this? Remove any remains to avoid the fungus coming back the following year. Bulbs can be saved if they show no signs.
 
storage Rot
Storage Rots
How do I identify This Problem? Fungal Growth on the surfaces. A range of bacteria and fungus may appear.
What Damage do They Cause to Plants? Softning in the bulbs
How Do I control this? Destroy and remove any affected bulbs.
 

 

 

 

 

 


Water Butts Watering Cans
Eco pillar water butts are slim, strong, durable and made to last. They are made here in the Uk and one of Ecosures top seller water butts. They come with a screw down lid and bottom outlet. Come in a fantastic colour range.
Watering cans quality made and come in some fantastic styles and colours.
 
Barrel Planters Water Features
Barrel planters ideal for small shrubs and flowers. Create that perfect look in your garden with the barrel planters they can create such a stunning look. Garden water features see a fantastic range of Ecosure water features that create such a relaxing sound in your garden.

 


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